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Nutri-Bébé 2013 Study Part 1.
Presentation and methodological considerations
Par G. Tavoularis
The French Agency for Children’s Foods (SFAE) has conducted a national survey on the eating behaviors and food consumption of children under 3 years of age every 8 years since 1981. A survey of this scope requires the involvement of many stakeholders with diverse skills (professionals in conducting studies and surveys, healthcare professionals and researchers such as pediatricians and nutrionists, sociologists and statisticians) before, during and after the completion of the survey. In 2013, the survey was repeated and focused on 1188 children aged 15 days to 35 months. This survey is original in that it examines the habits and behaviors of mothers regarding their child’s diet and also assesses the children’s diet from a quantitative point of view (in terms of daily food intakes and nutrient intakes). The purpose of the present paper is to describe the methodology of the national dietary survey and to discuss the effects of the method on the assessment of food and nutrient intakes.
Nutri-Bébé 2013 Study Part 2.
How do French mothers feed their young children?
Par A. Bocquet, M. Vidailhet
Nutri-Bébé SFAE 2013 is the 5th edition of a survey conducted every 8 years since 1981 by SFAE (Secteur Français des Aliments de l’Enfance) in collaboration with an opinion poll institute (SOFRES) for the feeding behavior part of the study and with CREDOC for calculating nutrient intake: 1,188 mothers of infants and young children from 15 days to 3 years of age were interviewed in 2013. The present paper is limited to the behavioral part of the investigation on the observance by mothers of pediatric recommendations. Overall, the “2013 mother” is self-confident (76% declare being confident in their experience and instinct). They are aware of the recommendations of healthcare professionals, but the family circle is also influential. Although growing-up milk is more widely consumed than in 2005 (+8%), cow’s milk (half-skimmed and not whole milk), even if it is introduced 2 months later than in 2005, is still consumed by 34% of children at 12–17 months of age and by 64% of 24 – to 29-month-old children. Milk is still frequently warmed up in a microwave oven. Breastfeeding mothers or those who breastfed more frequently give growing-up milk and home-cooked foods and afterwards their children refuse different foods less frequently. Adult foods that are not adapted for children are introduced too early. Foods in morsels are proposed very late. Fried foods and sweet foods appear too early in infant meals. Consumption of infant formulas and specific baby foods is increasing, but at around 1 year of age a decrease in the consumption of these adapted foods is observed.
Nutri-bébé 2013 Study Part 3.
Behaviour of mothers and young children during feeding
Par M.-F. Le Heuzey, C. Turberg-Romain
This new study by the Secteur français des aliments de l’enfance (SFAE) (French Agency for Children’s Foods) confirms the improvement in the nutritional environment of young children, particularly in sharing family meals. Incorporating the sample of breastfed children is a new feature, although food refusal behavior in infants did not appear to differ greatly whether or not they were being breastfed, and mothers expressed a need to be informed and guided in order for their children to better accept varied foods. We still found long-term continuation of feeding bottles and in parallel excessively early introduction of adult foods and significant and inappropriate viewing of screens for age.